Gender

Reports & BriefsPublished ArticlesBooks & ChaptersWorking Papers

Overcoming Exclusion of Single Women
National Forum for Single Women’s Rights and Centre for Equity Studies
2015

The exclusion of single women from public policy and law is an extension of the inherent patriarchal societal bias against them. Rooted in this recognition, the objective of this research was to understand the lived experiences, across rural India, of diverse groups of single women who are socially and economically impoverished. It explores the lived experiences of single women from three Indian states, namely, Punjab, Gujarat and Assam, and analyses the personal and group narratives of economically impoverished and socially disadvantaged single women.

Resisting the Margins: Women and Girls with Disabilities in Rural India
Rhea John, Anita Ghai, Radhika Alkazi, Radhika Jha and Harsh Mander
India Exclusion Report, 2016

This chapter of the India Exclusion Report draws from in-depth interviews with 225 women in Jharkhand, Odisha and Karnataka, led by disabled women researchers from the local community. It seeks to cast light on the specific processes, whether through institutions, norms or relationships, by which the marginalization of disabled girls and women in rural areas is continuously effected. Its findings suggest that the social model understanding of being disabled by circumstances rather than impairments, is only strengthened when considering the interlocking exclusions based on gender, rural location and poverty.

Women’s Exclusion from Just Conditions of Work, and the Role of the State
Shikha Sethia et al
India Exclusion Report, 2015

This chapter of the India Exclusion Report, argues that just conditions of work for women in particular, is in itself a high-order public good. What distinguishes a woman’s labour concerns from that of a man, is that her ability to access work and just conditions of work is primarily determined by factors external to her own capabilities and income, and more by the social constructs within which she operates. Exclusion is aggravated for certain groups of women, and this chapter focuses on women burdened by disadvantages of class, caste, religious and ethnic identities, and different abilities.

Living Single: Being A Single Woman in India
Kanchan Gandhi, Harsh Mander, Agrima Bhasin, Radhika Jha, Sejal Dand
India Exclusion Report, 2015

Singleness is a socially and culturally constructed category, wherein disadvantage is manufactured by virtue of the patriarchal societal setup. Women who choose to remain or become single owing to a range of circumstances find themselves in locations of often multiple disadvantage as a result of social and cultural, and also often legal and administrative, constructions of singleness. This chapter, through case studies, seeks to explore and highlight the voices and lived realities of women who are single.

Devadasis: Cultural Practice or Unacceptable Form of Work?
Smita Premchander, V. Prameela, Shikha Sethia and Coen Kompier
India Exclusion Report, 2015

This chapter of the India Exclusion Report explores the historical and contemporary contexts of Devdasi practice. Through an intersectional analysis, with particular emphasis on caste- and gender- based discriminations, it problematises arguments around this being a cultural practice, and presents evidence of its illegalities, and of it being an unacceptable form of work. It analyses exclusions implicit in Devdasi practice and presents recommendations for the government towards the ending of this exploitative practice.

Transcending the Binaries: Transgender Exclusions in Law and Policy
Shubha Chacko and Arvind Narrain
India Exclusion Report, 2014

This chapter of the India Exclusion Report explores the exclusion of transpersons from public and policy discourse. It explores the exceptionally severe marginalization of the transgender community in the Indian legal system, and highlight some of the key characteristics of discrimination and exclusion in the lives of transpeople – including the unthinkable violence that marks the body of the transperson; oppression faced within the intimate sphere of the family as well as the public sphere; and exclusion from education, health and livelihood services. It also traces contours of the movement for sexual minorities in India, mapping LGBT activism and its changing landscape in the light of the Naz Foundation and NALSA judgments, and ends with key recommendations to bring positive changes in the lives of transpeople.