The India Exclusion Report 2013-14 is envisioned as the first of a series of widely collaborative annual reports, involving numerous institutions and individuals working on the issues of disadvantaged and marginalised communities in India. Each year, we hope to build our collective understanding about the extent to which the state at all its levels — local, district, state, and union — is fulfilling its legal, constitutional and programmatic duties and responsibilities to excluded groups in the country.
By consolidating and generating knowledge around exclusion in India, the report seeks to inform public opinion and debate on these issues, and to influence the political class and policy makers towards more inclusive, just and equitable governance. Equally, we hope the report will serve as a tool to support public action for the greater inclusion of disadvantaged and marginalised communities in the country.
There are four main segments to the India Exclusion Report 2013-14:
The first part of the report identifies four public goods – school education, urban housing, ‘decent work’ in labour markets, and legal justice in relation to anti-terror legislations – and collates both primary and secondary evidence of inclusion and exclusion of disadvantaged and vulnerable people from each of these public goods.
The report adopts the following structure in exploring the dynamics of exclusion in the four areas mentioned above:
(a) The Nature of Public Goods: A discussion around the nature of the public good from which exclusion is being mapped, including its legal, programmatic and regulatory frameworks.
(b) The Excluded Groups: A comprehensive identification of groups being excluded from the public good, along with an attempt to recognize the major categories to which they belong.
(c) Causes of Exclusion: An analysis of the key mechanisms thorough which exclusion occurs, classified into four broad levels:
- Faulty design of law and policy.
- Institutional bias in the implementation of law and policy.
- Active violence and discrimination by the state.
- Low and faulty budgetary allocations.
(d) Consequences of Exclusion: An analysis of the consequences of such exclusion for the excluded groups, and the broader costs of inaction for society as a whole.
(e) Solutions and Reforms Needed: Proposed reforms to address, prevent and reverse exclusion.
The second part of the report contains a detailed analysis of central and state government budgetary and planning processes, from the specific prism of denial and discrimination. In particular, it focuses on major categories of disadvantaged populations, namely women, Dalits, Adivasis, Muslims, and persons with disabilities.
The third part of the report moves from public goods and exclusion to portraits of three highly excluded and vulnerable groups – namely, the transgender community, bonded labourers and the Musahar community. The purpose of this exercise is to highlight the condition of these most disadvantaged and marginalized people, who suffer an acute denial of multiple public goods, and constitute an overlapping and dense intersectionality of many markers of disadvantage.
For each of these selected groups, the report illustrates the multiple denials of public goods, the discrimination, insecurity, indignity, and violence that they face, and suggests public policy and legal reforms required to address these exclusions.
Finally, the fourth part of the report is a statistical appendix of authentic data relevant to understanding and tracking inclusion and exclusion from a range of public goods. The appendix provides data at the central and state governmental levels, and for the major categories of vulnerable populations, namely women, Dalits, Adivasis, Muslims and persons with disabilities.
The report has been compiled and coordinated by the Centre for Equity Studies. The contributing organisations (in alphabetical order) are:
AARTH-ASTHA, New Delhi
Brown University, Providence, USA
Centre for Budget and Governance Accountability, New Delhi
Centre for Equity Studies, New Delhi
Centre for Social Equity and Inclusion, New Delhi
Indian Institute of Human Settlements, Bangalore
Institute of Development Studies, Sussex, UK
National University of Educational Planning and Administration, New Delhi
New Education Group — Foundation for Innovation and Research in Education, New Delhi
Nirantar, New Delhi
The contributing writers and researchers (in alphabetical order) are:
Agrima Bhasin, Amin Reza Khan, Amogh Arakali, Amod Shah, Anam Mittra, Annie Namala, Anushree Deb, Archana Dwivedi, Archana Prasad, Arvind Narrain, Coen Kompier, Dada Saheb, Divya Verma, Farah Farooqi, Gautam Bhan, Geetika Anand, Gitanjali Prasad, Gunjan Sharma, Jawed Alam Khan, Jeevika Shiv, Kiran Bhatty, Madhumita Bandyopadhyay, Naaz Khair, Neha Saigal, Radhika Alkazi, Ruchika Chaudhary, Sajjad Hassan, Sameer Taware, Sandeep Tirkey, Shikha Sethia, Shilpshikha Singh, Shubha Chacko, Smita Premchander, Subrat Das, Sudhir Katiyar, Swastik Harish, and Warisha Farasat.
The report will be published by Books for Change (BfC) and is due to be released in June 2014. You can also follow updates on the report on Twitter and Facebook.
For press enquiries or to request a copy of the India Exclusion Report 2013-14, please use the form on our Contact Us page.